We relied on the following primary sources to help us identify, map, and recover the vanishing schools of Franklin County, Virginia.

Virginia State Planning Board, 1935
In 1935, the Virginia State Planning Board issued a summary of education in Virginia, which included schoolhouse maps for every county. You can learn more about this source at the following link:

Topographical maps of Franklin County, Va., 1925-1954
The United States Geological Survey has been making detailed topographical maps of Franklin County for the past hundred years. Many of these maps include schools that have long since vanished. You can view all these maps at the following website:

The School Buildings Service Photographs Collection,
Library of Virginia
The state Department of Education first commissioned a photographic survey of Virginia’s public schools in the 1920s. View the finding aid at this link:

The Archie G. Richardson Papers,
Special Collections, Virginia State University
Archie G. Richardson was Assistant Supervisor of “Negro” Education in the 1930s. His collected papers are housed in Special Collections at Virginia State University. View the finding aid at this link:

The Records of Smithey & Boynton
Special Collections, Virginia Tech
Smithey & Boynton was a renowned architecture and engineering firm based in Roanoke, Va. The company’s archival records are housed in Special Collections at Virginia Tech. View the finding aid at this link:

The Dorothy Cundiff Collection
Blue Ridge Institute & Museum, Ferrum College
Dorothy Cundiff was a civic leader and local historian who lived her entire life in Franklin County. Her collected papers are housed in the Blue Ridge Institute & Museum. Learn more at this link:

Franklin County Historical Society
in Rocky Mount, Virginia
The Franklin County Historical Society has a trove of valuable resources related to the history of education in Franklin County. Learn more at this link:

Site visits and interviews
Local historian and retired educator William B. Gibson has visited and photographed more than a hundred different locations in Franklin County where schools once stood, and he has conducted numerous oral histories.